Mohenjo-darowas one of the largest city-settlements in the Indus Valley Civilization which thrived in ancient times along the IndusRiver. Mohenjo-daro itself is located in Larkana District in the modern-day province of Sindh, Pakistan. Built around 2600 BCE, the city was one of the early urban settlements in the world, existing at the same time as the civilizations of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Crete. The archaeological remains of the city are designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It has been referred to as an "ancient IndusValley metropolis".
The highest temperature ever recorded in Pakistan, 53.5 °C (128.3 °F), was recorded here on 26 May 2010. It is also the highest reliably measured temperature in the continent of Asia, and the fourth highest temperature recorded on earth.